Another risk identified from ‘stress diabetes’ — along with a possible new method to measure it

By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS

An ailment referred to as stress hyperglycemia, sometimes known as “stress diabetes,” can happen temporarily following a stroke or heart attack. Even just in non-diabetics, bloodstream blood sugar levels may spike during recovery. Such spikes are problematic: People identified as having acute stress hyperglycemia are more inclined to die carrying out a stroke or cardiac arrest.

Now, we all know they’re also in danger of another stroke within several several weeks following the first. Inside a study printed Thursday in Stroke, a group of Chinese and U.S. researchers discovered that stroke patients who worked with serious hyperglycemia were 1.5 occasions more prone to possess a secondary stroke than individuals with minor or no hyperglycemia.

Knowing this chance of recurrence may eventually help doctors provide appropriate take care of at-risk patients, stated the study’s corresponding author Yilong Wang, M.D., who’s a investigator and clinician using the Capital Medical College in Beijing, China. “But it can’t result in a alternation in suggested standard procedures at the moment,Inches Wang stated.

The research is especially interesting, otherwise yet definitive, mainly due to the novel method in which Wang and the coauthors defined stress hyperglycemia, stated a specialist who had been not active in the study.

“The uniqueness of the study is using a not tremendously well-founded biomarker, the glucose-to-glycated-albumin ratio,” stated endocrinologist Robert Eckel, M.D., endowed chair and professor in the College of Colorado Hospital.

“This is definitely an interesting concept. It’s eyebrow-raising,” he stated. “It makes this research worth attention … Shall we be missing something?”

Stress hyperglycemia is definitely an exceedingly complicated reaction to underlying illness, involving what Wang known as a “derangement” from the complex choreography of hormones and defense mechanisms chemicals known as cytokines.

It’s unclear even the number of people suffer this type of response following a preliminary stroke, he stated. Prevalence estimates vary from 8 percent to 63 percent, based on studies that Wang and the colleagues reported. The plethora of individuals figures may reflect the truth that it’s really a challenge to differentiate stress hyperglycemia from undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes.

Therefore the Chinese-brought team — which incorporated coauthors in the College of Illinois College of drugs and Dell School Of Medicine in the College of Texas at Austin — diagnosed stress hyperglycemia severity having a ratio of fasting blood sugar levels to amounts of glycated albumin. The second reflects an individual’s average glucose concentration in the past 2 to 4 days.

This “relative” way of measuring current hyperglycemia appeared to become a better predictor of some other stroke than a complete measure. This type of predictor could be valuable to intensive care along with other doctors, who are able to attempt to anticipate likely risks to patients coping with hyperglycemia.

Yet previous studies have shown intensive insulin control isn’t competitive with people assumed at reducing the chance of dying or developing other health issues. So medical societies now recommend looser control that needs to be modified in line with the individual patient’s conditions.

The brand new study incorporated greater than 3,000 patients who’d a small ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. They checked out stroke recurrence within three several weeks, and located that about 12 % of patients using the greatest ratios of glucose-to-glycated albumin were built with a secondary stroke when compared with no more than 9 % of individuals using the cheapest ratios.

Wang agreed with Eckel that results should not be over-construed yet. His team’s ratio approach, evaluating greatest to cheapest measures, isn’t finely tuned enough — yet.

“This is interesting, but there is a little equivocation for me personally,Inches Eckel stated. “If this is through put on some bigger groups, is there generalizability? Would it predict such things as future start of diabetes? It deserves more attention.”

For those who have questions or comments relating to this story, please email [email protected]

Para hispano-estadounidenses jóvenes, united nations posible futuro plagado por riesgos de salud

Por AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS

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Según investigadores de cardiopatía y ataque cerebral, las señales están muy claras para los adultos jóvenes hispano-estadounidenses. Si las tendencias preocupantes de salud continúan, podrían ser más enfermizos que sus padres y sus abuelos cuando tengan la misma edad – incluso más pronto.

Los hispano- estadounidenses de cualquier raza tienen entre las tasas más altas de factores de riesgo para cardiopatía y ataque cerebral, como a modo de ejemplo la obesidad, el colesterol alto no controlado, la presión alta no controlada y la diabetes no controlada. Los niños hispano-estadounidenses tienen entre las tasas más altas de obesidad, y tienden más a desarrollar diabetes tipo dos que niños de raza blanca.

Considerando que 42 millones de hispanos y latinos tienen menos de 45 años de edad, las implicaciones de salud a largo plazo boy alarmantes.

“Podemos esperar united nations aumento sustancial dentro del número de personas [hispanas] que sufren [de enfermedad de corazón y ataque cerebral] si no prestamos atención y resolvemos el problema”, dijo Salvador Cruz-Flores, M.D., jefe del departamento de neurología en la Facultad de Medicina Paul L. Promote del Centro de Ciencias en Salud en Universidad Texas Tech dentro del Paso.

Según las cifras más recientes en Oficina del Censo, hay más de 57 millones hispano-estadounidenses y representan la minoría étnica más grande del país. Los pertenecientes al grupo demográfico de menos de 45 años representan casi tres cuartos de esa población – una proporción significativamente más alta a comparación disadvantage sus pares de raza blanca y de raza negra.

“En la gran mayoría de los casos, podemos marcar la diferencia para revertir la tendencia en calidad de salud pobre – pero tenemos que empezar en una edad temprana”, dijo Carlos J. Rodriguez, M.D., profesor agregado de epidemiología y prevención cardíaca en la Facultad de Medicina en Universidad de Wake Forest.

Los peritos dentro del tema dicen es difícil calcular el riesgo de cardiopatía y ataque cerebral en hispanos porque no hay suficiente información longitudinal de salud. También se dificulta estudiar las enfermedades en esa población porque existen muchos subgrupos étnicos disadvantage diferencias socioeconómicas entre y dentro de los mismos.

El cardiólogo Enrique García-Sayán, M.D. dijo que una herramienta de uso común para calcular el riesgo de una persona de desarrollar cardiopatía o ataque cerebral no es fiable para uso disadvantage los pacientes hispanos porque se desarrolló usando información de personas de raza blanca y de raza negra, y es posible que no calcule correctamente el riesgo en hispanos. Y los pacientes no se deberían formar una idea equivocada sobre su riesgo por las cifras de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades que muestran que los hispano-estadounidenses viven por lo menos tres años más que los estadounidenses de raza blanca y de raza negra.

“El punto es que no debemos subestimar la importancia de cardiopatía en hispanos”, dijo García-Sayán, profesor adjunto de medicina cardiovascular dentro del Centro de Ciencias en Salud de UT en Houston.

United nations estudio que está proporcionando información es el Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, conocido como SOL.

Alguna en información de más importancia del estudio, que empezó hace una década, muestra que la cardiopatía y el ataque cerebral afectan a los grupos étnicos hispanos de forma distinta, dijo Rodriguez, autor principal de united nations reporte en American Heart Association de 2014 sobre cardiopatía y ataque cerebral en hispanos en Estados Unidos.

A modo de ejemplo, los hallazgos de united nations estudio de 2014 dentro del que se usaron estadísticas de SOL mostraron que la diabetes era más común en mexicano-estadounidenses – el grupo étnico hispano más grande del país – y puertorriqueños, a comparación disadvantage los suramericanos. Los resultados de otro estudio indicaron que la obesidad era más común en puertorriqueños y menos común en suramericanos, mientras en otro estudio se determinó que los dominicanos y los puertorriqueños  tienden más a tener presión arterial alta que los hispanos de otra herencia.

Entre hispanos que boy adultos jóvenes, Rodriguez dijo que united nations análisis preliminar no publicado de united nations estudio auxiliar de SOL sugiere que, a comparación disadvantage sus pares de raza blanca y de raza negra, los hispanos tienen united nations índice más alto de presión arterial alta, de diabetes, de obesidad y de otras condiciones que pueden conllevar a la cardiopatía o al ataque cerebral.

Según united nations informe de SOL de 2013, los factores de riesgo tienden a ser más comunes entre los hombres jóvenes que en las mujeres. A modo de ejemplo, los hombres de 18 a 44 años tienden más a fumar, tener colesterol alto y ser prediabéticos que las mujeres hispanas en misma edad.

Para prevenir o controlar los factores de riesgo de cardiopatía o ataque cerebral en la comunidad hispana joven, los peritos dicen es crítico que esas personas tengan acceso a servicios de salud preventivos.

Porque los hispanos tienden a tener menos ingresos que otros estadounidenses y tienen una tasa alta de adultos crime seguro médico, el sector público y el sector privado deben hacer más para que los servicios básicos de salud sean más asequibles para los estadounidenses de escasos recursos, dijo Cruz-Flores.

Dijo que todos deben jugar su papel como corresponde, y apuntó que los grupos que promueven el cuidado en salud y los departamentos de salud federales, estatales y locales, deben continuar las campañas para educar a las personas sobre los riesgos y consecuencias en enfermedad del corazón y el ataque cerebral. Y los doctores de cabecera deben tomarse el tiempo para conocer más sobre la situación económica de sus pacientes, porque la condición económica impacta calidad en dieta en persona y qué medicinas pueden pagar.

Pero al final de cuentas, dijo García-Sayán, los pacientes deben responsabilizarse en calidad de su salud.

“No debo estar viendo a personas en sus 30 años [disadvantage enfermedadescardiovasculares]”, dijo. “Las tasas que estamos viendo de obesidad y diabetes e hipertensión boy, en parte, united nations resultado directo de united nations estilo de vida pobre en esta comunidad”.

Si tiene preguntas o comentarios sobre este artículo, por favor envíe united nations correo electrónico a [email protected]

Youthful Hispanic-Americans could face the next affected by health problems

By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS

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Cardiovascular disease and stroke researchers repeat the writing is on your wall for youthful Hispanic-Americans. If worrisome health trends continue, they might be sicker than their parents and grandma and grandpa once they achieve that age — or possibly sooner.

Hispanic-Americans associated with a race have one of the greatest rates of weight problems, out of control high bloodstream pressure, out of control diabetes and cholesterol — all risks for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Hispanic-American children have one of the greatest weight problems rates, and are more inclined to have Diabetes type 2 than white-colored children.

Thinking about that 42 million Hispanics and Latinos are more youthful than 45, the lengthy-term health implications are dire.

“We can get a considerable rise in the amount of Hispanic people who are afflicted by cardiovascular disease and stroke when we don’t give consideration and take proper care of the issue,Inches stated Salvador Cruz-Flores, M.D., chair of neurology in the Paul L. Promote Med school at Texas Tech College Health Sciences Center in El Paso.

There are other than 57 million Hispanic-Americans, based on the latest estimates in the U.S. Census Bureau, which makes them the country’s largest ethnic population. The under-45 age bracket represents almost three-quarters of this demographic — a substantially greater proportion than their black and white-colored peers.

“In most cases, the largest a positive change in reversing the popularity of illness — but we must start early,” stated Carlos J. Rodriguez, M.D., an affiliate professor of epidemiology and prevention cardiology at Wake Forest Med school.

Experts say it’s been hard to estimate cardiovascular disease and stroke risk in Hispanics since there isn’t enough lengthy-term health data. Plus, the numerous ethnic subgroups and socioeconomic variations included in this and within them causes it to be difficult to adequately study illnesses in individuals populations.

Cardiologist Enrique García-Sayán, M.D., stated a popular tool utilized by cardiologists to evaluate an individual’s chance of cardiovascular disease or stroke can’t be relied upon for Hispanic patients since it was created using data from whites and African-Americans and could miscalculate risk for Hispanic-Americans. And patients should not be fooled by CDC data that demonstrate Hispanic-Americans live a minimum of 3 years more than black and white-colored Americans.

“The final point here is, we ought to not underestimate the significance of cardiovascular disease in Hispanics,” stated García-Sayán, a helper professor of cardiovascular medicine at UT Health Sciences Center in Houston.

One study that’s supplying some insights may be the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, also referred to as SOL.

Probably the most important data in the decade-old study show cardiovascular disease and stroke risks affect Hispanic ethnic groups differently, stated Rodriguez, lead author of the 2014 American Heart Association advisory on cardiovascular disease and stroke in U.S. Hispanics.

For example, a 2014 study using data from SOL demonstrated diabetes was more widespread in Mexican-Americans — the biggest ethnic subpopulation of U.S. Hispanics — and Puerto Ricans than South Americans. Another study found weight problems was most typical among Puerto Ricans and fewer common among South Americans, while another found high bloodstream pressure is much more common among Dominicans and Puerto Ricans than other Hispanic ethnic groups.

Among Hispanic youthful adults, Rodriguez stated an initial unpublished analysis from the SOL ancillary project suggests there is a greater burden of high bloodstream pressure, diabetes, obesity and other concerns that can lead to cardiovascular disease and stroke in contrast to their white-colored and black counterparts.

Risks tend to be common among youthful Hispanic men than women, based on a 2013 report of SOL data. For instance, men ages 18 to 44 are more inclined to smoke, have high cholesterol levels and become prediabetic when compared with Hispanic women of the identical age.

Getting use of maintenance is crucial to prevent or manage cardiovascular disease and stroke risks one of the youthful Hispanic community, experts say.

Because Hispanics have a tendency to earn under other Americans and also have maximum uninsured adults, the private and public sectors must do more to create fundamental care less expensive to low-earnings Americans, Cruz-Flores stated.

But everybody must play their role, he stated, mentioning that federal, condition and native health departments and health groups must continue campaigns to teach people concerning the risks and effects of cardiovascular disease and stroke. And first care doctors should take time to find out more about patients’ economy, which impacts the caliber of their diet program and just what medications they are able to afford, he stated.

But ultimately, García-Sayán stated, patients will need to take responsibility for his or her health.

“I should not be seeing individuals their 30s [with cardiovascular illnesses],” he stated. “The rates of weight problems and hypertension and diabetes that we’re seeing have been in part a result of an undesirable lifestyle within this community.”

For those who have questions or comments relating to this story, please email [email protected]

Searching past the heart in grown-ups with hereditary cardiovascular disease

By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS

Laura Goldenschue takes antibiotics before you go to the dental professional, even for one routine cleaning. The 59-year-old from Texas assembles a group of specialists when facing a process as minor like a cyst removal. She has a small “health passport” that lists her doctors and explains she’s a grownup survivor of hereditary cardiovascular disease.

But may, everything doesn’t help. Emergencies happen.

In Wyoming in the past, Goldenschue had difficulty breathing, sweating and severe abdominal discomfort on her behalf left side. It had been a terrifying episode, though not unpredicted for somebody with hereditary cardiovascular disease. However in Cody, an urgent situation room physician was adamant on airlifting her towards the nearest major hospital, which in fact had no specialists in adult hereditary cardiovascular disease. Another hospital, a couple hundred miles further, had a grownup hereditary cardiovascular disease program and it was much better outfitted to know and cope with likely complications.

“That’s what’s hard sometimes, when doctors just don’t get sound advice,Inches stated Goldenschue.

A brand new report in the American Heart Association offers to help. It details the main organs — the kidneys, lung area and liver, for instance — along with other systems impacted by hereditary cardiovascular disease and describes evidence-based treatments.

George Lui, M.D., is lead author the brand new scientific statement printed in Circulation and stated he suggested writing it partially due to incredible advances in cardiac surgical techniques. Today, there are other adult survivors of hereditary cardiovascular disease than kids with the condition, he stated. A current assessment estimates about 1.4 million adults and a million children within the U . s . States live with CHD.

“So we’ve been effective, and individuals with hereditary cardiovascular disease live longer, larger lives,” stated Lui, medical director from the Adult Hereditary Heart Program at Stanford College, a Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital and Stanford Healthcare collaboration.

But individuals patients have ongoing health problems that be a consequence of their heart defects and from treatments through the years. Surgery to reroute major bloodstream vessels surely saved the lives of numerous cyanotic or “blue” babies, however the rearranged anatomy and physiology also left them susceptible to kidney along with other non-cardiac illnesses later in existence.

Furthermore, like everybody else, CHD patients get common colds and want tooth decay filled, but they’re frequently much more susceptible to complications than an average joe.

“The chance of infection persists lifelong,” the report notes, “with even small unoperated ventricular septal defects getting a danger of infective endocarditis that’s twenty to thirty occasions those of the overall population.”

Goldenschue was created with four heart defects that threatened her existence because her heart couldn’t deliver enough oxygenated bloodstream to her body or deoxygenated bloodstream to her lung area. She’d a shunt procedure before she switched 1, and much more corrective surgery at 9. Her heart remains imperfect, but Goldenschue stays active.

“I can’t hike a mountain, however i can ride a motorbike,Inches she stated.

Texan Laura Goldenschue is among the 1.4 million U.S. adults with congenital heart disease. (Photo courtesy of Laura Goldenschue)

Texan Laura Goldenschue is probably the 1.4 million U.S. adults with hereditary cardiovascular disease. (Photo thanks to Laura Goldenschue)

The brand new AHA statement on non-cardiac complications handles common, broadly understood impacts of hereditary cardiovascular disease — the lung troubles individuals patients frequently cope with as time passes, common bloodstream abnormalities in cyanotic patients, and the significance of regularly assessing for kidney disorder.

Additionally, it details other problems that are at the moment being acknowledged as important. For instance, it’s only lately that health care providers have recognized the level that CHD people are in danger of liver disease, endocrine abnormalities, atherosclerotic coronary disease and cancer, Lui stated.

“Non-cardiac complications in adult hereditary cardiovascular disease patients may have an affect on lengthy-term outcomes,” he stated. “Should we be screening these patients for atherosclerotic coronary disease or cirrhosis? I will tell you at this time we don’t in each and every patient. We want more research with what modifiable factors could be focused on prevention.”

Anitha John, M.D., Ph.D., director from the Washington Adult Hereditary Heart Program at Children’s National Health System in Washington, D.C., agreed. John, who had been not involved with writing the statement, known as it “incredibly comprehensive. It will an admirable job referring to many of the different, non-cardiac issues in addition to critical research needs.”

“This field is within evolution,” John stated. “Because people are surviving, they’re writing their very own natural history.” The brand new statement, she stated, is really a effective acknowledgement from the challenges these adult patients cope with for many years, which is an operating guide for health care providers.

John stated she found especially compelling the document’s demand better research in to the neurodevelopmental and cognitive impacts of hereditary cardiovascular disease. “We are learning that different treatments and behavior interventions could be implemented earlier to assist patients better deal with illness-related depression, anxiety and learning challenges in a few areas,” she stated.

A selection of non-heart complications in adults with congenital heart disease. (Credit: Circulation)

An array of non-heart complications in grown-ups with hereditary cardiovascular disease. (Credit: Circulation)

When Goldenschue worked having a harmful endocrine tumor a few years back, she accidently learned — again — a lesson that Lui known as probably the most essential in the brand new statement: Get the aid of experts.

Goldenschue had attempted to obtain the tumor, that was wrapped around a significant circulation system, treated near home. She eventually known as experts in the Boston Adult Hereditary Heart program, who recommended she send her charts and fly out.

“They were built with a whole group of doctors that i can talk to plus they required proper care of it,” Goldenschue stated. “But I needed to possess a special everything: cardiologist, endocrinologist, vascular surgeon. The guy who had been the anesthesiologist understood about hereditary heart defects.”

Lui and John stated a vital element in the and well-being of adult hereditary cardiovascular disease patients is use of quality care, with physicians who focus on their disease.

Goldenschue stated that on her, the one who fills that role and it has likely saved her existence is her adult hereditary heart physician, additionally a pediatric cardiologist. “I wouldn’t be around today [without him],” she stated.

For those who have questions or comments relating to this story, please email [email protected]

Severe heart failure might be reversible

heart health concept art
It might be entirely possible that a recently discovered cardiovascular repair process could reverse heart failure.
Scientists might have discovered a means of reversing heart failure through getting heart muscle to regenerate itself.

They discovered that silencing a signaling path in rodents which had developed heart failure following cardiac arrest activated a formerly unrecognized self-recovery process.

Inside a paper lately printed within the journal Nature, they, brought with a team from Baylor College of drugs in Houston, Texas, report their findings concerning the signaling path, which is called Hippo.

Heart failure is really a serious condition that affects around 5.seven million adults within the U . s . States. It develops once the heart cannot pump enough bloodstream to satisfy your body’s needs.

Heart failure does not necessarily mean the heart has stopped pumping, however it entails that vital organs don’t get the nutrients and oxygen they have to function correctly. Around 1 / 2 of patients with heart failure don’t live greater than five years after diagnosis.

“Heart failure continues to be the leading reason for mortality from cardiovascular disease,Inch explains corresponding author James F. Martin, a professor which specializes in regenerative medicine at Baylor College of drugs and who’s also director from the Cardiomyocyte Renewal Lab in the Texas Heart Institute, and in Houston.

Hurt hearts favor scarring to regeneration

At the moment, the very best strategy to heart failure is really a heart transplant. However, the amount of heart failure patients exceeds the amount of hearts readily available for transplant. Getting a ventricular assist device implanted can also be a choice, but it’s a significantly less favorable one.

Among the curious reasons for heart muscle is it doesn’t regenerate if this dies after being starved of oxygen, for example after cardiac arrest.

Rather of generating new beating muscle tissues, or cardiomyocytes, the center replaces the dead tissue with scarring produced from fibroblast cells.

Unlike cardiomyocytes, fibroblasts don’t have any pumping ability, therefore the heart progressively will get less strong and less strong, which means that nearly all severe cardiac arrest patients develop heart failure.

Prof. Martin states he and the laboratory team are studying biological pathways which are active during heart development and regeneration to find methods to heal heart muscle.

Biological pathways are number of molecular occasions inside cells that cause alterations in the cell or lead to particular products. For instance, they are able to turn genes off and on plus they can trigger cells to create fats, proteins, hormones, along with other molecules. They may also carry signals and cause cells to maneuver.

Silencing the Hippo path

“Within this study, we investigated the Hippo path, that is known from my lab’s previous studies to avoid adult heart muscle cell proliferation and regeneration,” Prof. Martin notes.

Within their study paper, he and the colleagues explain the Hippo path – “a kinase cascade that stops adult cardiomyocyte proliferation and regeneration” – is much more active in patients with heart failure.

“This,” says first author John Leach, a graduate student of molecular physiology and biophysics in Prof. Martin’s group, “brought us to consider when we’re able to turn Hippo off, only then do we could possibly induce improvement in heart function.”

So, they silenced the Hippo path inside a mouse model that mimics the kind of advanced heart failure occurring in humans after cardiac arrest. They compared the outcomes with individuals of several healthy rodents (the controls).

“After 6 days we observed the hurt hearts had retrieved their pumping function to the stage from the control, healthy hearts,” states Leach.

The researchers think that silencing Hippo not just renews heart muscle tissues – as investigated extensively within their study – it changes the entire process of fibrosis, or scarring. They require further studies to research the results on fibrosis.

Our findings indicate the failing heart includes a formerly unrecognized reparative capacity involving greater than cardiomyocyte renewal.”

Dos ataques cerebrales, disadvantage 19 años de diferencia, y united nations diagnóstico de cáncer

Por AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS

Belinda De La Rosa, superviviente de dos ataques cerebrales y cáncer, con su esposo, Joe y, de izquierda a derecha, sus hijos Michael y Jonathan. (Foto courtesía de Belinda De La Rosa)

Belinda En Rosa, superviviente de dos ataques cerebrales y cáncer, disadvantage su esposo, Joe y, de izquierda a derecha, sus hijos Michael y Jonathan. (Foto cortesía de Belinda En Rosa)

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Belinda En Rosa iba camino a una cita disadvantage united nations médico porque pensaba que tenía codo de tenista. Llevaba días disadvantage united nations dolor persistente dentro del brazo izquierdo.

Iba pasando por united nations hospital ose día en 1997 cuando el dolor se convirtió en united nations entumecimiento que se le trasladó del brazo izquierdo a su cuello y cara, united nations síntoma clásico de ataque cerebral. Fue directamente a la sala de emergencia.

Las pruebas que le hicieron mostraron que En Rosa, quien tenía 41 años de edad, estaba teniendo united nations ataque cerebral isquémico causado por united nations coágulo. Los médicos descubrieron que sufría de síndrome antifosfolípido, una condición de deficiencia autoinmune que puede causar que el cuerpo forme coágulos. Hasta entonces, no se le había diagnosticado.

Para prevenir otro ataque cerebral, empezó a tomar united nations anticoagulante y united nations medicamento para controlar la presión arterial alta, una condición que tampoco se le había sido diagnosticada. Luchó meses disadvantage la debilidad que sentía dentro del lado izquierdo de su cuerpo, que la obligaba a arrastrar su pierna cuando caminaba, y tenía la cara ligeramente caída.

Sus hijos tenían 5 y 12 años, y En Rosa se dedicó de lleno a cuidarlos para distraerse del trauma en experiencia.

“Tenía tanta ansiedad”, recordó. “Me despertaba gritando, ‘no quiero morir’”.

El ataque cerebral es la quinta causa de discapacidad a nivel nacional. Según united nations informe reciente de los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades, a pesar de que el índice de mortalidad por ataque cerebral en adultos estadounidenses disminuyó por united nations thirty-eight percent entre 2000 y 2015, el ritmo disminuyó o se revirtió en la mayoría de estados entre 2013 y 2015.

Las conclusiones del informe indican que los estadounidenses de raza negra boy los que más probabilidad tienen de morir por united nations ataque cerebral, pero entre los hispanos, los índices de mortalidad por ataque cerebral aumentaron 5.eight percent cada año entre 2013 y 2015.

Según los CDC, la mayoría de los casi 800.000 ataques cerebrales al año se pueden prevenir cambiando los hábitos de vida.

Mitchell S. V. Elkind, M.D., united nations profesor de neurología y epidemiología en la Universidad de Columbia, dijo que el aumento a índices de mortalidad apuntan a la importancia de crear más conciencia sobre los riesgos del ataque cerebral. Dijo que también indican que se deben considerar otros factores que pueden impactar, como a modo de ejemplo el acceso a cuidados de salud o alimentos saludables.

“Si las personas no pueden obtener el medicamento o tienen dificultades económicas y no pueden hacer ejercicio o comprar comidas saludables, eso aumentará sus riesgos”, dijo Elkind, quien es el presidente en American Stroke Association. “Es united nations problema multi-dimensional y todas este tipo de están enlazadas disadvantage factores socioeconómicos”.

Elkind dijo que se necesitan mejores iniciativas de concientización en la comunidad hispana que toman en cuenta las diferencias culturales y regionales.

En algunas áreas urbanas, a modo de ejemplo, es difícil encontrar frutas y verduras de buena calidad. Pero las bebidas disadvantage azúcar agregada y comidas fritas y disadvantage united nations alto contenido de sodio boy fáciles de encontrar. La familia, la comunidad en general y los grupos religiosos pueden jugar united nations papel importante en la salud, particularmente para los inmigrantes recién llegados, comentó.

“Puede ser difícil crear united nations vínculo entre la comunidad médica y la comunidad inmigrante”, dijo Elkind. “Tenemos que identificar a individuos en la comunidad que pueden ser promotores de hábitos saludables en la comunidad”.

En Rosa tiene ahora 61 años y vive en Victoria, Texas. Después de recibir tratamiento para cáncer del colon en 2006, cambió radicalmente su dieta. Limita la carne roja que come, cocina los platillos tradicionales mexicanos de forma más saludable, y ya no toma bebidas disadvantage azúcar agregada. En lugar de té, a modo de ejemplo, toma agua.

En Rosa tuvo otro ataque cerebral en abril – 19 años después del primero. Su médico le cambió los medicamentos y ella modificó su dieta aun más, y le agregó más verduras verdes y redujo su consumo de sodio.

También empezó hacer más ejercicio, y usa united nations medidor de actividad física para lograr por lo menos 10.000 pasos diarios.

“No tiene 1 que malmatarse disadvantage los ejercicios de cardio, pero se debe hacer algo para ser activo”, dijo En Rosa, quien fue nominada por su hijo Michael para el premio Héroe de Stroke en American Stroke Association.

“[La fe] es lo que me motiva a seguir adelante”, dijo. “Mantén siempre la cabeza levantada y mantente positivo. Disadvantage la gracia de Dios, estarás bien. Quizás no físicamente, pero mentalmente”.

Si tiene una pregunta o united nations comentario sobre este artículo, por favor mande united nations correo electrónico a [email protected]